Experimental model for percutaneous tracheostomy training
Caroline Schmiele Namur, Kassem Samir Saleh, Marianne Yumi Nakai, Alexandre Baba Suehara, Antonio Jose Gonçalves
Introduction: Percutaneous tracheostomy is a procedure that presents a learning curve and requires training before it can be performed safely. Objective: To propose a practical and accessible model that enables the training of this technique. Materials and Methods: The model comprises a structure composed of a wood board resting on a PVC tube. A foam block on which the pig trachea is supported is placed on this structure. A foam sheet covered with fabric is placed over the trachea to simulate the soft parts of the neck and the skin. This is a practical training model for practice of surgeons in percutaneous tracheostomy. A questionnaire on the assessment of the proposed model to each participating surgeon was applied. Results: Ten surgeons underwent training on the model: two experienced head and neck surgeons, three specialty residents, one otorhinolaryngologist, and three general surgery residents. All of them were able to perform the procedure successfully. Conclusion: The proposed simulation model presented good results when applied to surgeons, and it is a possible alternative to percutaneous tracheostomy training
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