Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
https://archivesheadnecksurgery.com/article/doi/10.4322/ahns.2018.0020
Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
Original Article Head and neck cutaneous tumors

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with cutaneous neoplasia treated in an oncological hospital in Maranhão, Brazil

Adriana Aila Rocha Araújo, Cláudia Tamires Sousa Leite, Cássia Talita Sousa Leite, Fabiane Barbosa de Castro Lima Santos, Stênio Roberto de Castro Lima Santos

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Abstract

Introduction: Cutaneous neoplasms can be classified as melanoma and non-melanoma, and the non-melanoma subtype is the most prevalent among the Brazilian population. The most frequent histological types are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Objective: To evaluate a skin cancer series at the Aldenora Bello Cancer Hospital. Materials and Methods: A retrospective and descriptive study was carried out using a chart analysis that used demographic and clinical variables of 462 patients with cutaneous neoplasia of the non-melanoma type at the Maranhense Institute of Oncology Aldenora Bello, from January to December 2016. Results: The analysis showed that 71% of the lesions were basal cell carcinomas, with major involvement of the nasal region. The most used treatment was surgical resection and reconstruction by means of graft or flap. Conclusion The patients follow-up after surgical resection is important, since approximately 30% of them reported having had at least one previous lesion and of these, around 9% were cases of recurrence.

Keywords

cutaneous neoplasia; basal cell; squamous cell.

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