Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
Original Article Larynx, hypopharynx and tracheal diseases and tumors

Mortality from larynx malignant neoplasm in Brazil: historical series (2001-2010)

Any Cleo Souza, Valeriana de Castro Guimarães, José Carlos de Oliveira

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Introduction: Neoplasms are the second leading cause of death in the Brazilian population over 40 years old. Approximately 2% of new cancer cases are due to malign neoplasms of the larynx. Objective: To describe mortality from malign neoplasm of the larynx in Brazil, in the period from 2001 to 2010. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was undertaken through historical series using Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics data. It was considered the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) code C32, for the study period. Results: Mortality indicators that had laryngeal cancer as the cause of death were analyzed, according to region, gender and age. In these ten years, there was an increase in the number of deaths by laryngeal tumors in all regions of Brazil, where the southern region had the highest mortality rate (2.48 per 100,000), and the northern region the lowest rate (0.75 per 100,000). The men in adulthood had more significant percentages: 88% of the 31,741 deaths recorded in the 10 years of the series. According to age, there was a concentration of deaths from the fifth decade (76.89%). Conclusion: The results found may serve as an instrument for the search for improvements in care, coverage and quality of care for patients with laryngeal neoplasia in our country.


larynx; laryngeal neoplasms; mortality; Brazil.


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