Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
Case Report Miscellaneous

Rosai-Dorfman disease as a differential diagnosis of cervical adenopathy

Victor Giovannino Accetta, Vinícius Campos Oliveira, Sílvia Migueis Picado Petrarolha, Angelo Sementilli, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis

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Introduction: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), is a rare benign idiopathic disease that affects both nodal and extranodal sites. Case report: A female patient aged 27 years with right side cervical adenopathy of levels IV and V, both mobile, painless and of fibroelastic consistency, with no signs of inflammation was evaluated. Histopathology of the lymph node biopsy showed preserved lymphoid architecture and presence of numerous mature histiocytes compatible with RDD.


histiocytosis; emperipolesis; hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.


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