Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
https://archivesheadnecksurgery.com/article/doi/10.4322/ahns.2023.0005
Archives of Head and Neck Surgery
ORIGINAL ARTICLE EPIDEMIOLOGY

Factors associated with postbronchoaspiration survival: a cross-sectional study

Cristina Zerbinati Carro, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Flávio Carneiro Hojaij, Fernando Adami

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Abstract

Introduction: Respiratory tract infections are common in both healthy and fragile populations, occurring in about 90% of hospitalized patients with characteristics of aspiration infections. Objective: To analyze the survival rate of adult patients who underwent bronchoaspiration while hospitalized in a public university hospital with oncology care characteristics. Methods: A 12-month retrospective longitudinal study was carried out using bronchoaspiration risk management and event notification analysis forms filled out in the medical records of patients admitted to this hospital. Results: The 34 patients who presented the adverse event of bronchoaspiration had their survival rate reduced by 30% in the first month, and only 29.6% of them survived the second month post-event. Women were more vulnerable to clinical complications originating from the general health status decline as well as to acute pulmonary complications arising from sepsis, consequently presenting a greater reduction in survival. Conclusion: Bronchoaspiration events corroborate an abrupt decrease in patient survival.

Keywords

respiratory aspiration; dysphagia; aspiration pneumonia; latrogenic disease

References

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Submitted date:
01/30/2023

Accepted date:
04/17/2023

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